Feb 012010
 

suryan

The Sivasuryanarayana temple at Suryanar Koil is one of the Navagraha temples and is dedicated to Suryan.  This temple dedicated to Suryan has shrines for each of the other planets as well.  The legend says that Kalava Munivar had the rare ability to see the future.  One fine day, he realised that he was soon going to be affected by leprosy.  Since the Navagrahas controlled all the aspects of ones life, he prayed to the Navagrahas and sought to be saved from the disease.  Pleased by his devotion, the Navagrahas granted his wish.  On coming to know of this, Brahma was furious because nobody had the right to change the destiny of a person.  He cursed all the nine planets that they will have to undergo what Kalava munivar was destined to, and hence all the nine planets were affected by leprosy.  The Navagrahas apologised and requested to know how they could overcome this curse.  Brahma advised them to go the Thirumangalakudi and worship Prananatheswarar, at Vellerukkakadu, who alone could help them.  After worshiping Prananatheswarar and his consort Mangalambigai, they installed an idol of Vinayakar a little away from there and started their penance.  By God’s grace they attained papa vimochanam (salvation from their sin).

Kalava Munivar, for whom the Navagraha had undergone all the trouble, as a mark of gratitude, raised a temple at the same spot where the Navagrahas had performed their penance.

The presiding deity in this west facing temple is Suryanarayanain a chariot like vimaanam, representing the sun’s chariot.   Sivasuryanaraya is in a standing position with his two consorts, Usha & Prathyusha (Chaya).  There are also shrines dedicated to Kasi Viswanathar, Visalakshi and Guru Bhagavan in the sanctum.  Shrines for the other celestial bodies are located outside of the sanctum.  Vellerukku (Madar Plant) is the sthala vriksham.  Pillayar made out of the Vellerukku is sold in the shops here.  It is a very prized possession and protects from the evil forces.

Thirumangalakudi

Once King Kulothunga’s Minister Alaivanar was building a temple from the tax collected without obtaining the King’s permission. The King had him beheaded when he came to know about this. As his death wish, the minister requested that he be cremated in Thirumangalakudi.  His wife prayed to the Mangalambikai at Thirumangalakudi and brought back her husband to life.  Women pray to the Goddess here for long life and the well being of their spouse.

Method of Worship

Devotees are first required to have the darshan of Prananatheswarar and Mangalambigai at Thirumangalakudi before visiting Suryanar Koil.  This temple is just 1 km from Suryanar Koil, and is situated in the same village.  The method of worship at this temple is very different from other temples.  We should first worship the Kol Vinai theertha vinayakar.  He is called by this name because He helped the navagrahas get rid of their problems.  Thus, Kol Vinai Theertha Vinayakar is a VERY IMPORTANT deity.  We then worship the Nataraja in narthana mandapam.  Then at the main sanctum worship Visalakshmi & Kasi Vishvanthan (this is a small lingam on your left hand side as you approach Suryan’s Shrine) before worshiping Suryan.  After worshiping Suryan, worship Guru Bhagavan who is facing Suryan.  Now, the circumambulation or the pradarshanam procedure is very different from other temples.  We now go in an anticlockwise direction and worship Saneeswaran, Budhan, Angarakan, Chandran, Kethu, Shukran and Rahu before worshiping Chandikeswarar.  Then we proceed in a clockwise direction and return to worship Kol Vinai Theertha Vinayakar.  This may seem very confusing but there are signboards at the temple to guide the devotees.  After this prostrate or do a namaskaram near the dhwajasthambam.  Then it is recommended to do 9 pradarshanams of the outer praharam.   I have made a layout diagram for your reference.

Suryanar Temple Layout

Pooja

A favourably positioned Sun in the horoscope manifests as intelligence, perception, strength of will and character in the inmate. It creates endurance, stamina, vitality, positive spirit, direction, courage, conviction, confidence, leadership, independence and straight- forwardness.

An unfavourably positioned Sun results in lack of intelligence, poor perception, weakness of will and character. Surya’s worship benefits include strength, health, good eyesight, intelligence, relief from skin ailments and long life. Cool water is used for Abhishegam.  Offerings of wheat & archana with red lotus please him. Devotees who are unable to visit any of the other Navagraha temples can perform the necessary parihara poojas to the respective planet at this temple.

On Sundays, attired in clean red clothes, offer lotus flower to the God, facing the east and recite the following mantras

Surya Moola Mantram: Aum hram hrim hraum sah suryaya namah.

Surya Gayathri: om ashwadhwajaaya vidmahae padma hasthaaya dheemahi tanno surya: prachodayaath

Other Sun Temples

Sri Aanandhavalli sametha Sri Agatheeswarar Kovil at Kolapakkam near Chennai.

Gnayuru Gramam 10 Kms from Red Hills near Chennai

Sun Temple – Konark

Suryanarayana Swamy Varu temple at Arasavalli village, 1 km from Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh.

Location

Click here for map

21 kms from Swamimalai

18 kms from Kumbakonam, on Kumbakonam – Mayavaram route.

3 Kms from Aduthurai which is on Kumbakonam – Mayavaram route

23 Kms from Mayavaram.

Other Temples Nearby

Kanjanur – Sukran Sthalam is just 3 kms from here

Thiruvidaimarudhur

Thirupananthal

Boarding & Lodging

This is a small village.  There are no hotels here.  You will have to stay at either Kumbakonam or Mayavaram.  Delicious prasadam is available at the temple.

TempleTimings: 6:00 AM to 12:30 PM and 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM

TempleAddress

Arulmigu Siva Suriyaperuman Temple,

Suriyanarkoil,

Thirumangalakudi P.O

Thiruvidaimaruthur T.K.

Thanjavur D.T.

Ph : 0435-247234

  9 Responses to “Suryanar Koil, Sun Temple”

  1. Would like to do donation for the temple

  2. Namaskaram,

    I have to do a pooja for Surya and Rahu in Pratand mandiram of Kumbhkonam, I am from Jaipur and don’t know how to I reach there. I am getting Train from Jaipur to Chennai but after Chennai where and how I will reach there it is very complicated for me. Please guide me that How I can reach there in the temple and How I can perform My pooja there.
    I have read the article that how to do pooja and where I need to be start but this is very confusing. I am not getting what should I do? and where I can stay there for a night if I become late to do abhishekam and pooja. Food I don’t required but snananam is required.

    Please help me and guide me.
    Thanks,
    Anirudh
    aniruddha.sharma21@gmail.com
    09642888872
    09928366978

    • Kumbakonam is very well connected. There are trains to Kumbakonam from Chennai. There are also frequent buses (both Govt and Private) to Kumbakonam from Chennai. I presume you want to visit the temples dedicated to Suryan (Suryanar Koil) and Kethu (Keezhaperumpallam). There are buses available to both these places from Kumbakonam. Kumbakonam is a fairly large town and there are lots of lodges and hotels to suit various budget. I don’t think you should have any problem.

  3. Is this only temple that sun rays falls directly at Suryanar Koil statue

    • There are quite a few temples where the Sun rays fall directly on the Shivalingam for a couple of days around Tamil New Year.

    • Thank you very much. I need to do a Pooja for Surya and Rahu.
      If possible could you please give my any genuine pandit’s phone number so that he would help me to do pooja. Can it possible that I can do pooja through the Temple like normally happened in Rameshwaram etc, where we will deposit the amount for the pooja and Temple will issues a tocken and as par the tocken we can perform our pooja.

      My way will be Jaipur to Hyderabad to Chennai to Kumbhkonam to surya mandir and Rahu Mandir. Then return to Chennai to Jaipur.

      Please help me and guide me.
      Thanks,
      Anirudh
      aniruddha.sharma21@gmail.com
      09642888872
      09928366978

      • You can do it through the temple itself. I do not have the contact details of the priests there. If you intend performing any specific pooja, it would be better for you to call up the temple and enquire beforehand.

  4. This is suresh from chennai.we are planned visit vaitheeswaran kovil & suryanar kovil that one day.so please tell me what is the exact time that temple opening.

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